Court Hierarchysk en

                                The Slovak Republic Court Hierarchy

                         in Civil and Commercial Matters
                                     [slovenske znenie]




District Courts

(okresny sud)



- there are currently 54 district courts operating in Slovakia which have territorial competence to settle disputes according to location of certain decisive aspects of these disputes (for more information see the section about procedural issues involved in application of CISG in Slovakia)


- they have general competence to settle disputes emerging from civil and commercial relationships including disputes concerning CISG, if not otherwise provided by the Slovak Civil Procedure Code; but such exceptions currently do not concern international sales relationships


- they have competence to try and decide about admittance of new trial as an extraordinary remedy, if the original proceedings were held in first instance at this court


- they decide about recognition of foreign judgements under act no. 97/1963 Coll. on international private and procedural law as amended


- they decide about enforcement of foreign judgements issued by courts of EU member states under Council Regulation no. 44/2001 of 22 December on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgements in civil and commercial matters






Regional Courts

(krajsky sud)

- there are 8 regional courts operating in Slovakia: in Bratislava, Trnava, Nitra, Trencin, Zilina, Banska Bystrica, Presov and Kosice


- in period from 1 January 1992 to 31 December 2004 they were competent to settle disputes emerged from international trade (including disputes emerged from CISG) as courts of the first instance


- since 1 January 2005 they decide about appeals as ordinary remedies against judgements issued by district courts in the first instance (including disputes emerged from CISG)






Supreme Court of the Slovak Republic

(Najvyssi sud Slovenskej republiky)

-  decides about appeals as ordinary remedies against judgements on rights and duties from CISG issued by regional courts in first instance (having competence in period from 1 January 1992 to 31 December 2004)


- decides about appeals on points of law and extraordinary appeals on points of law as extraordinary remedies against any final decisions issued by courts of the Slovak Republic


- under sec. 8 part 3 of act no. 757/2004 Coll. on courts as amended it is responsible for unification of case-law of lower courts in application of legal instruments (including application of international conventions as CISG)







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